Hi oriema2002, have you considered transferring from Southampton to Salisbury for an overnight stay to explore that city as well?
You could then leave your luggage at the hotel and see Stonehenge in comfort.
For travelling from Salisbury to Edinburgh, as you thought you can avoid London, by taking a direct train to Bristol (Templmeads) in 1h30m. From there, trains run direct to Edinburgh every hour - but don't expect them to be cheap :o(
Another option which might be worth looking into is having visited Stonhenge, travelling back to Southampton Airport & catch a FlyBe (reasonable budget airline) flight to Edinburgh, they fly 4 times a day & take 1h30m. They will charge you extra for your luggage, but well worth a look.
If you need more details on these, or decide you want to find a taxi/private hire, then drop another line on the thread & we'll try & make some suggestions & get costs.
Have a great crossing,
Last Cruise: Queen Victoria November 2014
Next: P&O Britannia March 2015
Then: Minerva April 2015
and : Royal Princess August 2015
Golden, Grand(2), Caribbean, Sea(4+1 aborted)
Adonia(4+2), Arcadia, Artemis(2), Aurora(5), Azura(2), Oceana(3), Oriana(11), Ventura(2), Victoria(5)
QM2(2), QE2(9), QV(6), QE, Caronia(2), Minerva II, Fred.Olsen(8), NCL Jade, =X= Eclipse, HAL Ryndam, Aza.Journey