I can't help you with the ports, but i can help with some general information on the Golden.
You will find all ages aboard the Golden, she is a large ship with lots to do, you are sailing in the summer so you may find a good amount of familes with school-aged kids. Princess limits the number of kids allowed on each voyage. There are plenty of sports on board, plenty of daytime activities, the hub of daily activity is Neptune's Reef pool, it is a large pool, we never really had a problem finding deck chairs, the pool by the spa is smaller and more private. The grill on the Lido deck serves great hamburgers, hot dogs during the day. The pizza isn't bad either. We found the food in the main dining room to be of very good quality.
As for evening entertainment, we aren't big on the production shows. We did like the dance band and activites in the Explorer's Lounge. IF you want a more subdued bar check out the Wheelhouse Lounge - very nautical, leather seats, they usually have a 2-3 piece band playing easy-listening and dance music. Skywalker's Disco is a neat place, doesn't really get hoping until after 10pm.
The salon books up fast for formal nights. We never really had a problem getting a massage once on board, check your Princess Patters for daily spa specials.