I know the Cruise Lines will have a large lobby in place to block this. One of the main reasons is the "Cruise Observer Pilot Program". This places an agent(s) of the U.S. government onboard to make sure all laws concerning discharge and any other Federal regulations
are being enforced. They also have free access to crew members at any time. I don't know if this is right or wrong but I do know that the cruise lines and the captains will take this as a "snoop" onboard the vessel.
It also seems to concentrate on cruise ships. From what I can discern, other Alaskan vessels have up to 10 years to come into compliance. I know that one cruise ship can create more pollution in 10 minutes than 100 smaller vessels can in a year but I just want to point that out.
I also saw that each vessel must receive a certificate of compliance from the Commandant of the Coast Guard before being cleared for sailing in Alaskan waters. I could not find if there is a charge for this certificate.
I also see that many of the sections of the bill address laws that are already in place, in regard to waste discharge. Perhaps our own government, like the cruise lines has a problem with enforcing it's own rules.
I do see that there is a portion that does protect "whistle blowers" regardless of citizenship. This is a good thing but I do think it is hard to enforce when so many of the crew are foreign nationals.
Last but not least their will be a $10 per passenger, fee imposed for all ships entering Alaska. This fee can be increased or decreased every two years based on the Consumer Price index or at the discretion of the Commandant of the Coast Guard. There is an almost certainty that this fee will be passed on to the passenger.
I am completely in favor of the EPA rules and government laws in place for gray and black water discharge of any ship and that a ship that violates these laws should be fined heavily and/or not allowed to sail in the waters where the offense occurred. Both of these penalties are already in place and should be utilized
The actual link to the bill is:
Warning: It's long, boring and written in legalese. Read it and you will know why your legislators do not read all of the bills they vote on. :-)