According to the Carnival site there will be 2 formal nights on a 12 day cruise. I believe the other nights are "resort casual". I don't think Carnival has any semi-formal nights, but I could be wrong .
Don't know about the masquerade ball, but someone else will probably be along to help you!
Have a wonderful cruise!
"A truly happy person is one who can enjoy the scenery on a detour."
Golden Princess 2009 Carnival Conquest 2010
Grand Princess 2010 Island Princess 2011
Grand Princess 2011 Carnival Magic 2012
Carnival Dream 2012 Island Princess 2013
Carnival Magic 2013 Carnival Legend 2014
Carnival Magic 2015 Coral Princess 2015