I should also say that I tend to do ship excursions simply because their easier with no planning even if a bit more expensive and say most ports are limited to about 8 hours total although a few are 12 hours and even 1 overnight. Maybe someone knows a nice B&B in Istanbul?
Hi there, suggestions for a few of your stops ....
Istanbul - a visit to the Grand Bazaar is a must with over 60 covered streets and 3000 stalls. Not for those who don't like crowds though.
Naples - although the obvious tour is to Pompeii, take a look at Ercolano (aka Herculaneum). It is smaller, but for more complete, and was so quickly covered that much of it looks brand new - but it is all original
Florence (Livorno?) - it is a very long day, but if you are only visiting the once, you really need to take an organised trip to Florence & Pisa.
Barcelona - There are good hop-on hop-off buses in the city, but plan ahead as some routes take up to 3 hours.
Alternatively take a trip to Gaudi's Guell park, for a close-up of some of his bizarre buildings. If you search the photos here, we have previously posted a selection there.
Tenerife - for something really different, take a look at the Loro Park site, the Park has shows, Sealife, Birds, Wild animals, aquariums, arctic animals & so on. It is a full day's entertainment.
Hope those give you some ideas,
Have a great cruise,
Last Cruise: Royal Princess August 2015
Next: P&O Oriana October 2015
Then: Queen Victoria January 2016